Explore The 5 Phases of Ethical Hacking

Explore The 5 Phases of Ethical Hacking

Phases of ethical hacking

In this blog, we are going to discuss the Phases of ethical hacking and how it is work.

Reconnaissance

Reconnaissance, which is also called the “preparatory phase,” is when a hacker learns about a target before launching an attack. This is done in stages before exploiting system vulnerabilities. Dumpster diving is one of the first parts of the Reconnaissance phase.

During this phase, the hacker finds useful information like old passwords, and names of important employees and does active reconnaissance to learn how the organization works.

As the next step, the hacker uses a technique called “footprinting” to gather information about the security posture, narrows the focus area by doing things like finding specific IP addresses, finds holes in the target system, and finally draws a network map to understand how the network infrastructure works so they can easily break into it.

Footprinting gives important information like the domain, TCP and UDP services, system names, and credentials. There are other ways to do footprinting using browsers to find information about the organization or even using the information of current employees to impersonate them.

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Scanning

In this step, the hacker looks for a fast way to get into the network and search for information. Scanning can be done in three ways: before an attack, by scanning or sniffing ports, and by getting information. Each of these phases shows a different set of weaknesses that a hacker can use to take advantage of the system’s flaws.

During the pre-attack phase, the hacker looks for specific information on the network based on what he or she learned during reconnaissance. During the port scanner or sniffing phase, dialers, port scanners, vulnerability scanners, and other tools for gathering information are used. During the information extraction phase, attackers learn about ports, live machines, and OS details to start an attack.

Gain Access

The hacker gets into the system, the applications, and the network and raises their user privileges so they can control the other systems that are connected to it.

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Keep access open

Here, the hacker gets access to the Rootkits and Trojans of the organization and uses them to launch more attacks on the network.

Cover Tracks

Once the hacker gets in, they hide their tracks to avoid being caught by security. They do this by clearing the cache and cookies, changing the log files, and closing all the open ports. This step is important because it clears the system’s data, which makes it much harder to track who is hacking.

So far, We have discussed the stages of hacking and its processes. If you desire to get an additional training program in hacking, get into FITA Academy for the advanced Ethical Hacking Course in Coimbatore with approved certification.