What is Hibernate in Java, and What are its Benefits?

What is Hibernate in Java, and What are its Benefits?

Hibernate is a framework for Object-to-Relational-Mapping (ORM). It makes database access easier for Java applications. By implementing some simple configuration mappings, you can easily store and retrieve Java objects using the framework. In this blog, we will discuss What is Hibernate in Java and what are its benefits of hibernate, including all of its functionalities of hibernate. To learn more about Hibernate, join Hibernate Training in Chennai at FITA Academy with Hibernate certification training and placement support for your career enhancement.

What is Hibernate in Java?

Hibernate is a Java framework that includes an abstraction layer and handles implementations internally. Implementations include tasks such as writing a query for CRUD(Create, Retrieve, Update and Delete) operations, connecting to databases, etc.

A framework is a software that provides an abstraction over multiple technologies such as JDBC, servlet, etc.

Hibernate creates determination logic that stores and processes data. It is a lightweight ORM tool and is also open-source, which gives it an advantage over other frameworks.

The Need for the Hibernate Framework

Hibernate eliminates the drawbacks of other technologies like JDBC. Let’s examine why we need the Hibernate framework.

  • When using JDBC, switching databases might be expensive. Hibernate easily solves this issue.
  • When working with JDBC, code portability is not available, but hibernate can handle it easily.
  • Hibernate strengthens the connection between objects and databases.
  • It avoids the need for exception handling that comes with dealing with JDBC.
  • Hibernate avoids the object-level relationship.

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Hibernate-Supported Functionalities

  • Hibernate uses Hibernate Query Language, which allows database-independent.
  • It allows for automatic DDL (Data Definition Language) operations.
  • Hibernate supports Auto Primary Key Generation.
  • Cache memory is supported.
  • Hibernate does not require exception handling.
  • The most important feature is that hibernate is an ORM (Object-relational mapping) tool.

Advantage of Hibernate in Java

  • Lightweight and Open Source: Being open-source and lightweight makes it usable and effective.
  • Increase Performance: Using cache memory improves performance.
  • Database Independent: It has the flexibility to work with many databases because it is database-independent.
  • Auto DDL operation: We can avoid manually creating tables by using automatic table creation.
  • Without creating any code, it handles mapping Java classes to databases using XML files.
  • Using simple APIs, we can store and retrieve data directly from the database.
  • It does not need an application server to operate.
  • It offers easy data querying.


I hope this blog gives more helpful information about Hibernate and what is Hibernate in Java, and what are its benefits of hibernate including all of the functionalities of hibernate . Join Hibernate Course in Chennai to learn more about Hibernate, which will help you to develop your career by providing certification training with real-time projects.